GIS for Coastal Zone Management
Coastal Spatial Data InfrastructureChapter Two
Bridging the Land-Sea Divide Through Digital TechnologiesChapter Three
A Comparative Study of Shoreline Mapping TechniquesChapter Four
Monitoring Coastal Environments Using Remote Sensing and GISChapter Five
Spatial Uncertainty in Marine and Coastal GISChapter Six
New Directions for Coastal and Marine Monitoring: Web Mapping and Mobile Application TechnologiesChapter Seven
Exploring the Optimum Spatial Resolution for Satellite Imagery: A Coastal Area Case StudyChapter Eight Visualisation for Coastal Zone Management Chapter Nine
Application of a Decision Support System in the Development of a Hydrodynamic Model for a Coastal AreaChapter Ten
Decision-Making in the Coastal Zone Using Hydrodynamic Modelling with a GIS InterfaceChapter Eleven
Towards an Institutional GIS for the Iroise Sea (France)Chapter Twelve
Culture Intermixing, the Diffusion of GIS and its Application to Coastal Management in Developing CountriesChapter Thirteen
The Use of GIS to Enhance Communications of Cultural and Natural Resources and ContaminationChapter Fourteen
GIS Applications in Coastal Management: A View from the Developing WorldChapter Fifteen
High-Resolution Elevation and Image Data Within the Bay of Fundy Coastal Zone, Nova Scotia, CanadaChapter Sixteen
Mapping and Analysing Historical Shoreline Changes Using GISChapter Seventeen
GIS for Assessing Land-Based Activities that Pollute Coastal EnvironmentsChapter Eighteen
Applying the Geospatial Technologies to Estuary EnvironmentsChapter Nineteen
A Territorial Information System (TIS) for the Management of the Seine Estuary – Environmental and Management ApplicationsChapter Twenty
Developing an Environmental Oil Spill Sensitivity Atlas for the West Greenland Coastal ZoneChapter Twenty-one
Environment Canada’s Atlantic Sensitivity Mapping Program
This book has arisen out of a decade-long collaborative initiative between the Commission on Marine Cartography of the International Cartographic Association and the Commission on Coastal Systems of the International Geographical Union, and manifested in the series of conferences known as the CoastGIS Symposia. The first CoastGIS meeting was held in Cork, Ireland, in February 1995. Since then, successive events have taken place in Aberdeen, Scotland (1997), Brest, France (1999) and Halifax, Nova Scotia (2001). The majority of chapters presented in the pages that follow had their origins in papers presented at the Halifax meeting, supplemented by a selection of additional contributions commissioned by the editors specifically for this volume.
Previous volumes have focused on GIS research in the marine and coastal realms (Wright and Bartlett, 2000) and on the application of GIS to oceanography and fisheries (Valavanis, 2002). The current volume is, to the best of our knowledge, the first to focus specifically on the role of GIS in integrated coastal zone management. We hope it will provide guidance, inspiration, encouragement and, where merited, a degree of caution, for all those tasked with the stewardship of the world’s coasts, as well as for those whose interests are more academic and research-oriented.
The wide diversity of perspectives that can and must be brought to bear on the challenge of coastal zone management is reflected in the range and organisation of chapters in this book. Thus the opening chapters focus on technical issues, ranging from the incorporation of GIS within wider information infrastructures to techniques of visualisation, the importance of error and uncertainty in coastal databases, and the interfacing of GIS with simulation and process models. This is followed by a number of chapters that step back from technology, and which seek to put coastal zone GIS into a more human context, particularly through examination of cultural issues and exploration of techniques for incorporating traditional ecological knowledge within GIS-enabled coastal management regimes; and, finally, attention focuses on the use of GIS to historic shoreline change analysis, the application of geomatics to estuary management, and to better understanding and management of environmentally sensitive shorelines.
We are particularly delighted that contributions to this volume have come from each of the inhabited continents of the world, namely from Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and North and South America. The diversity of perspectives on coastal management arising from the cultural and professional backgrounds of the authors, and also from the range of geographic locations used in the case studies and applications reported on, underscores the truly international dimension of coastal management today.
As always, compilation of an edited collection of papers depends on the support, encouragement and assistance of a vast number of people who have worked “behind the scenes.” It is, of course, a pleasure to thank the authors who have contributed chapters to the book, and who have borne with cheerful patience the many demands – some reasonable, some perhaps less so – of the editors. We also acknowledge with gratitude the support of the International Geographical Union and the International Cartographic Association.
On an individual level, to merely “thank” Ron Furness and Andy Sherin seems woefully inadequate: it is no exaggeration to say that, without the sustained friendship and cheerful encouragement of both these gentlemen, this volume simply would never have seen the light of day. No less valued was the encouragement of our friends and colleagues on the International CoastGIS Scientific Committee, past and present.
Closer to home, Darius Bartlett wishes to thank friends and colleagues within the Geography Department and the Coastal and Marine Resources Centre at University College Cork; his postgraduate students for their lively discussions and thought-provoking questions; and, above all Mary-Anne, Becky and dog Jessa for putting up with my irregular hours, my absences from home and my all-toofrequent neglect of domestic duties and responsibilities. For her part, Jennifer Smith would like to thank Andy Sherin and the Canadian CoastGIS committee who facilitated her involvement in this project.
Finally, both authors acknowledge with gratitude the assistance, support and guidance of Tony Moore at Taylor & Francis in London and Randi Cohen and Jay Margolis at CRC Press in Florida, who helped steer production of this volume from conception through all stages of publication to its final appearance on booksellers’ shelves.