GIS for Health and the Environment
The book "GIS for Health and the Environment" explores the applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the field of health and environmental research. Written by Poh C. Lai and Ann S.H. Mak, the book brings together a collection of studies and case studies that demonstrate the use of GIS in various areas related to health and the environment.
The book begins with an introduction to GIS informatics and its relevance in the field. It then delves into specific topics such as exploratory spatial analysis methods in cancer prevention and control, environmental risk factor diagnosis for epidemics, and the development of spatial decision support systems for epidemic disease prevention.
The authors also highlight the importance of GIS in assessing accessibility to healthcare centers, particularly in the case of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. They discuss the role of GIS in studying human and environmental factors and their impact on physical activity research, particularly focusing on community "walkability" and walking behaviors.
Furthermore, the book explores the use of GIS in developing habitat-suitability maps for invasive species, such as ragweed in China. It also examines the application of GIS in evaluating garbage collection services, air quality impacts on upper respiratory tract diseases, and spatial epidemiology of asthma.
The book covers disease modeling using GIS, including the development of an alert system for informing environmental risk of dengue infections and initiatives in improving dengue vector control. It also discusses the use of GIS in assessing socio-demographic determinants of malaria and dengue disease data in urban areas.
In addition, the book addresses the use of GIS in public health and population health technologies, as well as surveillance. It presents a spatiotemporal analysis system for studying heroin addiction in Hong Kong and a public health care information system using GIS and GPS in Shiggaon. The book also explores the role of GIS in health information provision in post-tsunami Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and estimating population size using spatial analysis methods.
Finally, the book examines avian influenza outbreaks of poultry in high-risk areas of Thailand, showcasing the application of GIS in disease surveillance and control.
"GIS for Health and the Environment" provides a comprehensive overview of the use of GIS in the intersection of health and the environment. It serves as a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners, and students interested in understanding how GIS can be leveraged to address various health and environmental challenges.