GIS in Land and Property Management
Geographical Information Systems
1. Setting the scene
2. Maps and mapping
3. Mapping and analysis using GIS
GIS applications in land and property management
4. Mapping, land information systems and conveyancing
5. Property management
6. Planning and development
7. Retail and financial market research
8. Property market analysis
GIS issues in land and property management
9. Information management
10. Implementing and managing GIS
11. Future prospects
Land is a fundamental resource. The proper functioning of society and the economy depends upon its efficient allocation and optimum use. Economic output depends on the proper use of land resources. The effective use of land is in turn dependent upon the proper functioning of the land market and the efficient dissemination of and access to information about it. The representative bodies of key players in the land and property market agree that in the UK the proper management of land resources and the efficient working of the property market are hindered by a lack of good quality information. Better data, made widely available, will result in better quality decision-making about land and property.
Land is a resource fixed in locational terms. Unlike labour and capital, one unit of land is not directly substitutable for another because each unit is unique at least in terms of its geographical location. Consequently the locational aspect of land and property information is of vital importance. Herein lies the significance of information systems that are able to handle the locational attributes of property information and that can relate that information to standard property management data sets.
Land and property advisors are beginning to recognise the opportunities that new technologies such as Geographical Information Systems (GIS) can offer. Often, when considering the impact of new technology, advisors have tended to think of the application of particular types of software to discrete tasks. Increasingly though, the potential of the digital property information system as a valuable decision support tool is being recognised. Such systems allow for rapid access to data about land and property whenever and wherever they are required and the formulation of complex resource management questions. As such, they present the property information manager with a decision support tool that can be applied to a wide range of diverse applications.
The aims of this book are to introduce the use of GIS as a tool for land and property management by providing an insight into ways in which GIS is being used by property people and examining the issues involved when using GIS as a decision aid for land and property management. The book introduces GIS as a technology, describes current practical developmentsand examines the key issues in the application of GIS to land and property management. The book is divided into three parts which have the following objectives:
1. To introduce digital mapping and GIS, together with a brief history of the development of GIS and LIS, all with an emphasis on property.
2. To describe the spectrum of GIS applications in land and property management with selected case studies to provide detail for key application areas.
3. To examine the issues drawn out from the above and provide guidance and recommendations for future implementation and use of GIS in land and property management.